Heart attack while driving a car can result in fatal accidents not only for the driver but also for other vehicle and pedestrians.

To minimize such accidents, Toyota plans to produce cars which have bio-metric sensors which would be able to predict cardiac arrests in order to save any unfortunate event beforehand.

The system is yet to be developed, however Toyota claims that it would have initial results by 2020.
According to the study, cardiac and neurological diseases were frequent causes of disease attacks while driving.

According to Dr Narajian:

‘When we analyzed crash statistics already reported by different agencies, we found that drivers
65 years of age and older have a lot of medical-related issues that are related to vehicle crashes.

It can be deemed from this information that more number of accidents are likely to occur as population ages. By 2030, their could an increase in the number of old age drivers.

Mechanism of the system

An ECG sensor would be installed inside the steering. Senors would collect real-time data of driver’s heart rate from the hand which touch the steering wheel.

In layman’s term, the system would be able detect signals of a potential heart attack or any other other heart related issue and will notify the driver to slow down the car, reducing the risk of an accident.

Principal scientist, Toyota Collaborative Safety Research Centre, Dr Pujitha Gunaratne said:

A challenge for vehicle applications is having a system that can detect small changes in heart rhythms but can also
separate out the noise and motion that happens inside the vehicle.

Here’s a video of an incident where the driver had a heart attack while driving on a highway.